Monday, Oct 14, 2019
 
search SGN
SERVING SEATTLE AND THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST FOR 37 YEARS!

click to visit advertiser's website


Javascript DHTML Drop Down Menu Powered by dhtml-menu-builder.com

Last Weeks Edition
   
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
 
 
 

 

[Valid RSS]

click to go to advertisers website
Back to Section One | Back to Arts & Entertainment
posted Friday, September 24, 2010 - Volume 38 Issue 39
Most Gay men in U.S. support HIV transmission laws
Section One
ALL STORIES
  next story
Most Gay men in U.S. support HIV transmission laws

by Mike Andrew - SGN Staff Writer

Two-thirds of men who have sex with men in the U.S. support laws prohibiting HIV-positive men from having unprotected anal sex without disclosing their status to their partners.

The results of a survey of 1,723 respondents was published in the October issue of AIDS Care journal. The men surveyed were recruited through Gay social websites.

Since 2008, at least 30 individuals in the U.S. have been prosecuted for exposing others to HIV. Penalties vary between states and range from a small fine to a lengthy prison sentence.

The impact of transmission laws on HIV prevention efforts are hotly debated. There is also uncertainty about the attitudes of the communities most affected by HIV about the criminalization of HIV transmission.

The study hoped to describe overall attitudes towards the criminalization of exposure to HIV due to unprotected anal sex without disclosure, and to identify the factors associated with such attitudes.

"Believing that it should be illegal was associated with HIV-negative or unknown status, less education, having a non-Gay sexual orientation, living in a state that was perceived as hostile towards GLBT persons, reporting fewer UAI [unprotected anal intercourse] partners & and feeling greater responsibility," the authors of the study wrote.

Overall, 65% of the men surveyed believed that it should be illegal for HIV-positive individuals to have unprotected sex without disclosure, 23% thought it should not be illegal, and 12% said they did not know.

Support for criminalization was highest (79%) among men aged between 18 and 20, and lowest (56%) among those aged 41 to 70.

The authors noted that younger Gay men were significantly less likely to have been tested for HIV. Separate research has shown that untested men are more likely to adopt a disclosure-based HIV prevention strategy "that gains credibility by transmission laws."

The overwhelming majority of HIV-negative (70%) and untested men (69%) supported legal sanctions, but only 38% of HIV-positive men endorsed criminalization.

"These differences most likely reflect a shift in orientation toward criminal statues on HIV transmission following sero-conversion," the authors said. In other words, the men most likely to be criminalized are least likely to support criminalization.

Men with the lowest educational achievements were most likely to support criminalization (75%), and those with a degree least likely (58%).

Over three-quarters of men who did not identify as Gay or Bisexual supported criminalization, compared to 63% of those who had some form of Gay identity. In addition, those who were least comfortable with their sexual orientation were most likely to endorse criminalization.

Living in a state which was perceived to be hostile to LGBT people was also associated with support for criminalization.

Sexual behavior was also a significant factor.

Men who reported two or more acts of unprotected anal sex within the previous three months were least likely to support criminalization (52%), and those who reported no unprotected sex the most likely (69%).

Finally, the investigators found that a sense of responsibility was associated with support for criminalization.

The study found no evidence that laws deterred high-risk sexual behavior. However, they conclude that "further research is needed to examine whether they act as a barrier for MSM [men who have sex with men] at highest risk for acquiring or transmitting HIV."

Similar research done in England and Wales in 2006 found a strong relationship between the expectation that a man should disclose his HIV status to prospective sexual partners and support for criminal prosecution of HIV transmission.

The authors of that study, conducted by SIGMA Research at the University of Portsmouth, concluded that the practice of prosecuting transmission worked to reinforce the expectation that men would disclose, thereby impeding HIV prevention strategies that try to educate men against making assumptions about HIV status on the basis of a lack of disclosure.

In other words, if men work on the assumption that their sex partners will always disclose HIV-positive status, they are less likely to adopt prevention strategies that do not depend on disclosure - regular use of condoms, for example.

Tell a friend:

Share on Facebook  Share on Facebook

Post to MySpace!Share on MySpace!

    Share on Delicious

Share on StumbleUpon!

CDC: 12% of urban Gay & Bi men have HIV - 2/3 unaware
------------------------------
DADT blocked in the Senate: 'It is shameful that bigotry and partisan - politics have subverted fairness, justice, and good government -'
------------------------------
Youth Suicide Prevention OUTLoud presents You Are Not Alone
------------------------------
Christine O'Donnell, teenage witch
------------------------------
GSBA & ERW host 2010 candidate forum
------------------------------
High school and college GSAs celebrate LGBT History Month
------------------------------

------------------------------
Hans Zeiger, Alex Hays, and the Mainstream Republicans
------------------------------
Lesbian dean marries, is forced to resign
------------------------------
Most Gay men in U.S. support HIV transmission laws
------------------------------
Irish president turns down NYC St. Patrick's Parade invite
------------------------------
New study examines relationship between racial justice organizations and LGBT communities
------------------------------
SGN Interview: 34th District legislative candidate Joe Fitzgibbon
------------------------------
Florida court OKs Gay adoptions
------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------
BREAKING NEWS
------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

------------------------------

click to visit advertiser's website

click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
click to visit advertiser's website
Seattle Gay Blog post your own information on
the Seattle Gay Blog
 

gay news feeds gay news readers gay rss gay
http://sgn.org/rss.xml | what is RSS? | Add to Google use Google to set up your RSS feed
SGN Calendar For Mobile Phones http://sgn.org/rssCalendarMobile.xml
SGN Calendar http://sgn.org/rssCalendar.xml
copyright Seattle Gay News - DigitalTeamWorks 2010

USA Gay News American News American Gay News USA American Gay News United States American Lesbian News USA American Lesbian News United States USA News
Pacific Northwest News in Seattle News in Washington State News